Remembering Chairman Mao's 1st Wife Yang Kaihui

ByWomen Voice November 17, 2016

Educational Activities

Local Party and government departments have carried out continuous educational activities in recent years at Yang's memorial museum, former residence and grave.

During this year's International Women's Day (March 8), female officials of the People's Procuratorate of Hunan visited Yang's memorial and former residence, recalling her heroic deeds.

In July, members of Tianxin High School Party committee also visited the historic sites, studying revolutionary traditions whilst celebrating the 95th anniversary of the founding of the CPC.

Moreover, several literature and artistic works have also taken Yang as their theme.

To mark the 110th anniversary of her birth, the Hunan Opera Theater of Changsha, capital of Hunan, staged the play Bosom Friend in 2011, a modern drama presenting how Yang and Mao fell in love and got married. Its creation was based on the manuscript of Yang's diary, poems and articles hidden in a hole in a wall of her residence and discovered in 1982 and 1990.

In 2013, Chinese writer Yu Yan's Yang Kaihui serial works including the Bancang Jue Chang and Yang Kaihui, both featured the story between Yang and Mao.

In addition, some drama TV series set during the revolution such as Mao Zedong and Three Brothers of the Mao Family also portrayed Yang's image. During the shooting of latter, Mao Xinyu, grandson of Chairman Mao, was invited as an adviser.

Mao Anqing's Mourning

Mao Anqing is the second son of Mao and Yang.

According to the book Mao Zedong and Women Heroes, Mao Anying returned to his hometown and paid tribute to Yang at her cemetery in May 1950. It says:

In the spring of 1950, Mao spoke to his second son Mao Anying: "Now you can go back home and sweep the tomb of your mother for me. She was a good wife and a brave woman. She helped me a lot when she was alive."

After Mao Anqing and his wife passed away, in December 2008 their ashes were relocated to near Yang's cemetery.

According to the report of Changsha Evening News, Mao Anqing's son Mao Xinyu said during the relocation ceremony: "Dear Mom and Dad, today I finally bring you back to the side of my grandmother and fulfill your last wish."


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