Achievements of the China National Program for Women's Development (2011-2020) in Women and the Law

 September 17, 2022

7. Women and the Law

7.1) The relevant legal and regulatory systems have steadily improved. Since the implementation of the China National Program for Women's Development (2011-2020) (the NPA for Women), China has continuously strengthened the protection of the rule of law for gender equality. At present, there is an established legal system to protect women's rights and promote gender equality. This legal system is based on the Constitution, with the Law on the Protection of Women's Rights and Interests at its core, and supplemented by various national laws and local regulations. The promulgation and revision of laws and regulations, such as the Civil Code, the Labor Contract Law, the Election Law, the Organizational Law of Villagers' Committees, the Land Contract in Rural Areas Law, the Law on the Protection of Women's Rights and Interests and the Special Provisions on the Labor Protection of Female Employees, provide clear stipulations for women's property rights, legal rights of female employees, women's land contracting rights, and health rights of female employees. This system of laws and regulations for safeguarding women's rights and gender equality continues to be improved. Significantly, the Standing Committee of the 12th NPC passed the Anti-Domestic Violence Law in 2015, marking the official inclusion of domestic violence in the scope of legal supervision. This was an important milestone for the condemnation of domestic violence and the protection of women, children and other vulnerable groups.

7.2) Remarkable results have been achieved in cracking down on the trafficking of women. In order to effectively crack down on the trafficking of women and diligently protect the legal rights and interests of women, China issued its second anti-trafficking action plan, titled the National Plan of Action on Combatting Human Trafficking (2013-2020), and resolutely cracked down on the trafficking of women in accordance with the law, increased the rectification of the "buyer 's market" for human trafficking, and reduced the occurrence of human trafficking cases at its source. As a result, the trafficking of women has been effectively curbed.

7.3) Legal aid support to women has been greatly strengthened. By the end of 2020, there were 2,651 legal aid institutions and 75 thousand legal aid stations across the country. In 2020, legal aid services were provided 341 thousand person-times to women, an increase of 73.7 percent since 2010. From 2011 to 2020, legal aid services were provided a total of 3 . 31 million person-times to women across the country. In 2020, women's federations at or above the county level responded to complaints from women and children a total of 188 thousand times.


(Source: National Bureau of Statistics of China)


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