The celibacy advocated by intellectual women of the May Fourth Period extended from the viewpoint of abolishing family and marriage maintained by Great Harmony written by KANG You-wei and the anarchism that was popular at the beginning of the 20th century. In addition, the celibacy was also influenced by the western ideas of women's emancipation. The Chinese intellectual women who advocated celibacy were mainly disturbed by failing love affairs, regarding learning and career as their prime choices. They also regarded unmarried lifestyle as opportunities to control their own destiny and to gain freedom from dire situations imposed by the limitations of the time.
【Keyword】：May Fourth Period, intellectual Women,
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