Key words: son preference, structuration, reproduction, fertility policy
Abstract: Guided by Giddens' theory of structuration, this study adopts a practical sociology perspective to analyze the production and reproduction of the culture of preference of sons, using time and space as two perimeters in the observation of and interviews with a family group, so as to identify the effects of fertility policy on the mechanisms of reproducing son preference culture. The study has found that under the rein of fertility policy, some peasants run into "fertility predicament" because of a departure from the traditional pattern of fertility. Such "predicament" would give rise to the production and reproduction of son preference culture in two ways: on the one hand, under the stress of fertility predicament, those who encounter fertility predicament would feel the social pressure of having a boy, just when cultural elements unceasingly become entangled with fertility practice through daily living affairs, and on the other hand, relational networks would involve all the kinfolks in the unfolding of fertility predicament, inciting the networks to reflect on current fertility practice. Based on these two ways, the son preference culture stretches in both time and space.
(Source: Collection of Women's Studies)
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