Deng Yingchao: Wife of Zhou Enlai

December 12, 2011
Editor: Sun Xi

Deng Yingchao (1903-1992) frequently appeared in posters published in the 1980s. Deng, who was not related to Deng Xiaoping, was a veteran CCP-member, who had been actively involved since the early days of Party-organization and even had joined and survived the Long March.

But most importantly, Deng had been married to Zhou Enlai since 1925. The couple remained childless, but had adopted many orphaned children of 'revolutionary martyrs' over the years. One of the more famous of these was former Premier Li Peng. While alive, Zhou had never become the object of a personality cult. He was, after all, an example of the perfect Prime Minister, and as a result always had remained in the shadow of Mao. Only after his own death in 1976, and after the end of the Cultural Revolution, Zhou became a regular subject on posters. In many of these posters published in the 1980s, his wife, who had remained active at the highest political levels, increasingly in an advisory capacity, accompanied him.

Deng had occupied various official positions in the Central Committee of the CCP and the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. Many of her activities had to do with the protection of the wellbeing and rights of women and children. One of them was chairperson of the Women's Federation, in which capacity she served from 1949-1978. In the early 1950s, Deng played an important role in formulating and publicizing the Marriage Law.

Deng Yingchao: Wife of Zhou Enlai

Zhou Enlai (L) and Deng Yingchao (R) []

Deng Yingchao: Wife of Zhou Enlai

The poster above shows Deng Yingchao (1st R) with her husband, together with Chen Yi and his wife Zhang Qian. []



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