|Deng Li [Women of China]|
Deng Li, a deputy to the National People's Congress (NPC), recently submitted a proposal concerning civil servant recruitment to the ongoing annual session of China's top legislature in Beijing.
Deng, who is also vice-president of the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), submitted a proposal called Eliminating Gender Discrimination in Regional Civil Servant Recruitment.
"Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC), China has made remarkable progress in women's causes in recent years," the proposal noted.
"At the welcome ceremony of the UN World Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995, the Chinese government declared to the international community it would make gender equality a basic state policy.
"At the 18th CPC National Congress held in Beijing in 2012, ‘Adhering to the basic state policy of gender equality and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of women and children' was written into the Party's administrative program for the first time.
"At the 19th CPC National Congress held in Beijing in 2017, the basic state policy of gender equality was reiterated," the proposal continued.
"Twenty years on, governments at all levels, together with women's organizations, have yielded fruitful results and gained much experience in implementing the basic state policy of gender equality.
"However, as the country's population policy changes, gender discrimination has appeared in civil servant recruitment in some places."
The proposal pointed out the problem by giving some examples.
One city in south China's Guangdong Province stipulated that over half of its 576 posts were open to males only in the 2017 civil servant recruitment period.
Central China's Hunan Province reserved at least 30 posts for men out of 110 posts in the 2017 provincial recruitment.
The proposal also gave reasons for the existence of gender discrimination in civil servant recruitment.
Firstly, unbalanced gender ratios urge some public institutions to recruit more men.
Secondly, some public institutions are concerned that pregnancy may have a big impact on women's work performance, making them reluctant to hire females.
Thirdly, some public institutions hold the opinion that frequent business trips and overtime may make their posts unsuitable for women.
However, in any case, the recruitment of civil servant should not deviate from the state policy of gender equality or the principles of the Constitution, which stipulates that "Women of the People's Republic of China enjoy equal rights with men in all aspects of political, economic, cultural, social and family life."
To eliminate gender discrimination in civil servant recruitment, Deng proposed a series of points.
Firstly, relevant government sectors and public institutions should set an example, earnestly implementing the basic state policy of gender equality and acting in accordance with the law by abandoning requirements about gender in the recruitment process.
Secondly, human resources and social security departments should attach great importance to civil servant recruitment and selection, strengthen supervision and correct misconduct in a timely manner.
Thirdly, human resources and social security departments should handle complaints about employment discrimination in a timely manner and investigate and punish illegal acts.
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