|Guo Jinyun, a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) National Committee and director of the Mathematics Sciences Institute of Hunan Normal University [Women of China/Li Wenjie]|
Guo Jinyun, a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) National Committee, delivered his suggestions on the protection and care of rural "left-behind" kids, during the committee's fourth annual session in Beijing recently.
Two to three years ago, the problem of "left-behind" children, those whose parents have left home to work in cities, aroused Guo's great concern. According to official figures, the number of youth in such circumstances has reached over 61 million nationwide, accounting for 22 percent.
"I felt sad about their situation. I have been expecting the government to strive in its efforts to reduce the number," said Guo, who is also director of the Mathematics Sciences Institute of Hunan Normal University.
"Meanwhile, I'm often confused about why there is such a huge number of left-behind children and why their basic rights and interests have been ignored for so long?" added Guo. He concluded that apart from the household registration system, there are numerous factors that lead to the consistent rise in the group's population, including the accumulation of policy bias.
To his happiness, the reform of the household registration system – a major influencing factor which causes parents to leave their children behind – has recently begun, and the government and society have shown concern and issued new policies to handle the problem.
Due to policy bias, Guo said that the government and society should be more alert to the left-behind kids, discover the causes, take measures to avoid negative consequences and establish mechanisms of error correction.
He believes that the government should listen to voices of all kinds of people and balance interests in all aspects, but admits this is not easy to achieve.
"It seems that the public has taken this group as reasonable and there have been few measures to discover the real factors and help decrease the number," he said.
"In many cases, our society lacks the motive of discovering and solving problems actively," he added. "For example, the household registration system sparked constant arguments in the past, but was not adjusted and seriously lagged behind the need of the country's development."
Since the reform and opening up policy was implemented in 1978, China's economy and society have seen dramatic development, while micro policy bias often leads to a big influence in the background, he said. For example, from 2005-2010, the number of rural left-behind children aged between 0-5 rose by 7.57 million (48 percent).
Due to this, Guo believes that to cater to the country's fast social and economic development, a higher requirement on the government's capabilities in targeted management should be put forward. The country's mechanism should also develop and boast the power of listening to the smaller voices in society, root out bias in social development, and forecast the influence timely and scientifically, to solve problems persistently.
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