Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference

February 17, 2016
Editor: Sarah Wang

The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) is a patriotic united front organization of the Chinese people, serving as a key mechanism for multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC), and a major manifestation of socialist democracy.

At present, the CPPCC consists of representatives of the CPC and non-Communist parties, personages without party affiliation, and representatives of people's organizations, ethnic minorities and various social strata.

It also has the representation of compatriots of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan, returned overseas Chinese, and specially invited people.

Most of the CPPCC members are experienced political figures, social celebrities, and experts and scholars specializing in various fields.

The main functions of the CPPCC are to conduct political consultation, exercise democratic supervision and participate in the discussion and the handling of state affairs. Political consultation covers major principles and policies proposed by the central and local governments and matters of importance concerning political, economic, cultural and social affairs.

Democratic supervision means to exercise, by means of offering suggestion and criticism, supervision over the implementation of the Constitution, other laws, regulations and major policies, and over the work of government agencies and their functionaries.

Participation in discussing and handling state affairs means to organize CPPCC members of various parties, people's organizations, people of various ethnic minorities and other social groups to take part in the country's political, economic, cultural and social activities in whatever way they think fit.

The current CPPCC is also known as a new political consultative conference as distinguished from the one established in 1946 following the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression upon the decision taken by the CPC and the Kuomintang in their negotiations in Chongqing as part of the preparations for forming a new government.

But hardly before the old CPPCC began to function was it disintegrated in November of the same year when the Kuomintang betrayed the resolutions of the conference and unilaterally proclaimed the convocation of a "National Assembly."

The first session of the new CPPCC was held in Beijing in September 1949. Authorized to perform the functions of the supreme organ of power, the session adopted a "Common Program" which bore the nature of a temporary constitution, proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China, elected a council of the central people's government with Mao Zedong as the chairman, and elected the First National Committee of the CPPCC.

The CPPCC ceased to act as the supreme organ of power in September 1954 when the National People's Congress was convened. Instead, it shifted its functions as China's patriotic united front organization for its broad representation. It has ever since played a vital role in the country's political, economic, cultural and social affairs and in international exchanges.

The CPPCC has a National Committee and local committees. With a functioning term of five years, the CPPCC committees hold annual sessions.

Yu Zhengsheng -- Chairman of National Committee of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference

Yu Zhengsheng is elected chairman of the 12th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) at the fourth plenary meeting of the first session of the 12th CPPCC National Committee in Beijing, capital of China, March 11, 2013. [Xinhua]

The following is the biographical sketch of Yu Zhengsheng:

Yu Zhengsheng, born in April 1945, is a male ethnic Han from Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province. He entered the workforce in August 1963 and joined the Communist Party of China (CPC) in November 1964. He graduated from the Department of Missile Engineering at the Harbin Military Engineering Institute with a major in automatic control systems of ballistic missiles. He is an engineer.

He is currently a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the 12th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

1963-1968 Student majored in automatic control systems of ballistic missiles, Department of Missile Engineering, Harbin Military Engineering Institute

1968-1971 Technician, Zhangjiakou No. 6 Radio Factory, Hebei Province

1971-1975 Technician and leader, Qiaoxi Radio Factory, Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province

1975-1981 Technician and engineer, Research Institute for Promotion and Application of Electronic Technology, Fourth Ministry of Machine-Building Industry

1981-1982 Assistant chief engineer, Research Institute for Promotion and Application of Electronic Technology, Fourth Ministry of Machine-Building Industry

1982-1984 Deputy director, Research Institute for Promotion and Application of Electronic Technology, Ministry of Electronics Industry; Chief, No.2 Systems Section; assistant chief engineer and concurrently director, Department of Microcomputer Management; of the Administration for Computer Industry; Deputy director, Planning Department; the Ministry of Electronics Industry

1984-1985 Chief; vice chairman, executive council; and member, Leading Party Members' Group; the China Welfare Fund for Disabled Persons (December 1984: departmental-bureau level; January - March 1985: acting general manager, China Kanghua Industrial Company Ltd.)

1985-1987 Deputy secretary, CPC Yantai Municipal Committee, Shandong Province

1987-1989 Deputy secretary, CPC Yantai Municipal Committee, Shandong Province; mayor, Yantai Municipal People's Government, Shandong Province

1989-1992 Deputy secretary, CPC Qingdao Municipal Committee, Shandong Province; deputy mayor and mayor, Qingdao Municipal People's Government, Shandong Province

1992-1994 Member, Standing Committee, CPC Shandong Provincial Committee; secretary, CPC Qingdao Municipal Committee; mayor, Qingdao Municipal People's Government

1994-1997 Member, Standing Committee, CPC Shandong Provincial Committee; secretary, CPC Qingdao Municipal Committee

1997-1998 Secretary, Leading Party Members' Group; and vice minister; of the Ministry of Construction

1998-2001 Minister; and secretary, Leading Party Members' Group; of the Ministry of Construction

2001-2002 Secretary, CPC Hubei Provincial Committee

2002-2003 Member, Political Bureau, CPC Central Committee; secretary, CPC Hubei Provincial Committee; chairman, Standing Committee, Hubei Provincial People's Congress

2003-2007 Member, Political Bureau, CPC Central Committee; secretary, CPC Hubei Provincial Committee

2007-2008 Member, Political Bureau, CPC Central Committee; secretary, CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee

2008-2011 Member, Political Bureau, CPC Central Committee; secretary, CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee; first executive deputy director, Organizing Committee; and director, Executive Committee; for Shanghai 2010 World Expo

2011-2012 Member, Political Bureau, CPC Central Committee; secretary, CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee

2012-2013 Member, Standing Committee, Political Bureau, CPC Central Committee; secretary, CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee (till November, 2012)

2013- Member, Standing Committee, Political Bureau, CPC Central Committee; chairman, the CPPCC National Committee

Alternate member, Fourteenth CPC Central Committee; member, Fifteenth through Eighteenth CPC Central Committees; member, Political Bureau, Sixteenth through Eighteenth CPC Central Committees; member, Standing Committee, Political Bureau, Eighteenth CPC Central Committee; chairman of the Twelveth CPPCC National Committee.

(Source: Xinhua)

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