Liu Chuansheng, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and Party Secretary of Beijing Normal University, made several proposals on important education issues during the second session of the 12th CPPCC, which opened in Beijing this early March.
|Liu Chuansheng, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and Party Secretary of Beijing Normal University, made several proposals on important education issues during the second session of the 12th CPPCC, which opened in Beijing this early March. [edu.cn]
One of her proposals is the strengthening of Chinese traditional culture education among primary and middle school students at this critical moment when society is facing a crisis of social morals.
Liu thinks China's society is now challenged by both trust and values crises which are caused by the moral decline of society. Traditional values and morals are neglected when people seek the material benefits of economic development, which has left a negative influence on the values systems of students whose minds have not fully developed.
Liu thinks primary and middle school education establishes the fundamental of the education a person receives throughout the person's whole life and is the critical period when young people are developing their moral systems. Liu suggests the strengthening of Chinese traditional culture education in schools.
Liu said: "What kind of China we construct and leave to our children depends on what kind of children we cultivate in China now."
Liu gave a lot of concrete ideas on how to strengthen Chinese traditional culture education, including increasing the proportion of traditional culture in the content of textbooks, building up a school culture with a strong traditional cultural atmosphere, and strengthening teachers' capabilities on traditional culture education.
The second important proposal from Liu is on enhancing teachers' sense of morality and their ability to give moral education to students through receiving specialized education as well as systematic practices.
Liu pointed out that China's current teachers' education system lacks lessons aimed on fostering teachers' moral education capability in their future work. She noted that in reality, a new teacher will face challenges on delivering moral education to students and dealing with moral issues when building up teacher-student relationships fr0m the first day. However, the current normal education in China, which is restricted to professionalizing teachers' teaching expertise and skills, doesn't provide for enhancing teachers' moral education ability.
Liu also emphasized that different teachers should receive different professional training on enhancing their moral education capabilities. Teachers who specialize in giving moral education lessons to students should receive higher-level professional education and trainings on moral education than regular teachers.
Speaking on the topic of Chinese universities' autonomy in running themselves and their development, Liu gave her opinion during the two sessions of the 12th NPC and 12th CPPCC respectively held in Beijing in March 2014.
Liu said: "Now the universities directly under certain ministries of the State have strong autonomy in running themselves. The key now is whether these universities can use this autonomy and how to use it. The wisdom and management capabilities of a university can be seen in the key fields of running a university, including the arrangement of majors, enrollment of students and recruitment of faculty.
Liu emphasized that universities should deepen their own reforms while governments at all levels are transforming their roles and functions in public administration. It is good for universities' development when the Ministry of Education has taken measures in advocating the comprehensive reforms in education issues. But on the other hand, universities also face serious challenge during the transition. Universities must deepen their own reforms to strengthen their own capabilities, and then make good use of their autonomy in running themselves and in their development.
"The Ministry of Education is promoting the development of a modern university system, and since rules and regulations are a priority, universities should follow them when they have the autonomy to run themselves," Liu said. She thinks the formulation of rules and regulations of a university is a new issue in China. There is no experience to be followed. The most difficult thing is how to make them reflect the spirits of universities, their own characteristics, educational philosophies and historical backgrounds.
Liu said with confidence that: "It needs to collect the wisdom of the faculty, students and alumni when formulating rules and regulations of a university. I also believe with the making-up of rules and regulations, the inner management structure of a university could be improved and the capability of a university to run itself could be promoted."
(Source: Xinhua/ Translated and edited by womenofchina.cn)