|A press conference was held during the Second Session of the National People's Congress (NPC) at the Media Center on March 12, focusing on women's development and protection of women's rights.[Women of China/Fan Wenjun]
A press conference was held during the Second Session of the National People's Congress (NPC) at the Media Center on March 12, focusing on women's development and protection of women's rights. Six female deputies attended the conference and answered questions.
Deputy Secretary of the Shanghai Municipal People's Congress Lin Yinmao, Lawyer from northeast China's Heilongjiang Province Li Yalan, Mayor of Weihai City, in east China's Shandong Province Zhang Hui, Chairperson of Pile City Development Co., Ltd of Kaifeng, in central China's Henan Province Xuxiao, deputy director of the workshop of Shenzhen Guo Wei Electronics Co., Ltd. Yi Fengjiao and President of Guizhou Women's Federation Luo Ning attended the conference.
During the conferences, six deputies answered questions and shared their ideas on women's rights and development.
Lin Yinmao submitted a proposal to include gender statistics into statistical methodology. Lin explained that, taking unemployment as an example, women's unemployment statistics are not accurate, and only work when we compare men and women's statics together. Gender statistics can be used to reflect women's status, development, and rights..
Lin further pointed out that there were some issues with the methodology used in this research, such as indicators might not be systematic enough and indicators designed to evaluate gender equality have not gained enough recognition from governments at all levels.
"So I suggest that we should create regulations on using gender statistics," said Lin.
Yi Fengjiao repeated her opinion on migrant workers. She said that the lifestyle of the new generation of migrant workers has changed dramatically, and that they belong to the age of the Internet. Yi suggested that the government should utilize the advantages presented by the Internet to build online training platforms for migrant workers, digital libraries, counseling and online legal services.
Xu Xiao talked about female employment and entrepreneurship related to the fundamental interests of women as regards their survival and development the relationship between family harmony and stability, and the relationship between the coordinated development of both economic and social issues. Xu submitted a proposal on the elimination of discrimination against women in the workplace.
Xu explained that gender discrimination against female college students in the workplace is still a serious problem. Many companies simply believe that women require more vacation time to look after their families, and they do not want to pay for maternity leave.
"So I suggest that our government should provide more pragmatic and specific policies for female college students' employment, to ensure equality in the employment of female students. As far as I know, since 2009, the National Women's Federation, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Ministry of Education, including the China Association of Women Entrepreneurs have promoted the employment of female college students, and female entrepreneurship across the country," said Xu.
Xu hopes that female students will pay heed to their future career options, instead of just hoping to a get a great job right away.
Zhang Hui stated that her work in Weihai and the general work done by Weihai local government was non-gender-discriminative. Weihai government has encouraged women to start up small businesses. Zhang said her clothes are from a women's entrepreneurial clothing brand.
Luo Ning stressed the issue on left-behind children and women. Luo said those women needed help to start their own business. So the government needs to support female entrepreneurs in rural development and poverty alleviation. The first step is linking a number of social resources to women's entrepreneurship and employment support.
Luo further talked about preserving traditional Chinese culture, especially handcrafts made by women. Luo showed her bag to the reporters and said that it was a handmade bag by local Guizhou women. Government and Women's Federations both promote and encourage women with skills like this to start their own business and to preserve lost arts.
At last, Li Yanlan said that she proposed to add mental impairment charges in violations of women's personal rights cases. Li said in many sexual abuse cases, women and children suffered greatly, and did not receive proper compensation. Furthermore, laws and legal regulations should be established to specifically address sexual abuse against women and children.