|The nine new academicians pose for a group photo at a symposium. [t.people.com.cn]|
Nine women out of a total of 61 individuals were granted the title of Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) Academician on December 7, the highest female-to-male ratio among newly-elected members so far, according to the latest list released by the institution.
According to the list, the average age of new academicians was 53.9, with the youngest being 43 and the oldest being 69. The new academicians at or below the age of 60 account for 88.5 percent of the total.
The same day, the Chinese Academy of Engineering released the list of its 70 new members, including three females. Their average age is 56.2, with the youngest being 47 and the oldest being 73.
The list also shows that more science and engineering experts from enterprises and grassroots were selected. Among the new members, 34 are from universities or colleges, 15 from research institutes, and 21 from enterprises and hospitals.
In addition, eight foreigners were appointed as the Chinese Academy of Engineering members, including five from the U.S., one Brit, one Canadian and one Austrian. So far, the total number of foreigners has reached 49, which will be beneficial for international exchange and cooperation and expanding the influence of China's science and engineering sector, said the academy.
According to the directive of the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) released in November 2013, the academician election and management mechanism should be reformed, the organization of academics should be improved, the ratio of young and middle-aged talents should be increased, and the retirement and withdrawal systems for academicians should be implemented.
In 2014, CAS revised and made the rules for new academicians along with detailing and modernizing the process of the academician elections.
CAS is China's preeminent academy for the natural sciences. Collectively known as one of the "Two Academies" along with the Chinese Academy of Engineering, it is an institution that functions as the national scientific think-tank and academic governing body, providing advisory and appraisal services on issues stemming from the national economy, social development, and science and technological progress. The CAS membership system includes Academicians, Emeritus Academicians and Foreign Academicians.
The details of all nine female preliminary candidates are as follows:
Yu Jihong, 48, inorganic chemistry; professor of Jilin University.
Li Peng, 49, physiology and biochemistry; deputy-dean and professor of the School of Life Sciences of Tsinghua University.
Cao Xiaofeng, 50, plant epigenetics; researcher of the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS.
Yan Xiyun, 58, nanobiology; researcher of the Institute of Biophysics of CAS, and deputy-director of the State Key Laboratory of Bio-macromolecules.
Liu Ming, 51, microelectronics science and technology; doctoral supervisor of the Institute of Microelectronics of CAS.
Jiang Jie, 54, guidance, navigation and control; general designer of the 1st Institute of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation.
Gu Ying, 56, laser medicine; director and professor of the Laser Medicine Department of the General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army.
Huang Ru, 45, microelectronics and solid electronics; dean, professor and doctoral supervisor of the School of Information Science and Technology of Peking University.
He Yaling, 51, heat and mass transfer; director of the Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Engineering at the Ministry of Education of Xi'an Jiaotong University.
(Source: cyol.com & people.cn/Translated and edited by Women of China)
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