The cesarean section (C-section) rate between October 2007 and May 2008 in China reached 46 percent, ranking first in the world, according to a survey report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) in February 2010.
Meanwhile, the alarm level set by the WHO on the C-section rate is 15 percent. The proportion of C-sections without surgical indications (meaning that the patient meets the standards required by convention, and surgical treatment is required) accounted for less than 12 percent of the total C-section cases in Chinese mainland, according to the report.
The report caused widespread concern among domestic media and the public.
Comments like "C-sections are out of control," "the 12 percent of C-sections in China is not necessary," "hospitals 'love' C-sections to pursue profits" and "if there are no significant economic benefits, there is no high C-section rate" all point to hospitals and doctors being the "culprits" of the high rate of C-sections in Chinese mainland.
(Source: People's Daily Online May 11)
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