|Two boys pose for a photo in a rural village in northwest China's Gansu Province. [gscn.com.cn]|
Women and children have become two major targets of the poverty alleviation measures that have been carried out in northwest China's Gansu Province, reported an official at the 6th National Work Conference on Women and Children held on November 19 in Beijing.
In recent years, Gansu has thoroughly implemented President Xi's key remarks, especially those highlighted during his inspection tour to the province, pointed out Xia Hongmin, vice-governor of Gansu Province and director of the Gansu Working Committee on Children and Women.
He also concluded that Gansu has acted consistently in following the so-called "Two Programs and Two Principles." It consists of China's two national 10-year programs (2011-2020) for women and children, and its affiliated provincial principles specified with regional characteristics.
In terms of achievements, Gansu has reduced its poverty population from 6.92 million in 2013 to 2.89 million by the end of 2015.
Nowadays, Gansu has achieved the largest poverty population reduction ever in its provincial history, with per capita disposable income that has increased from 3,747 yuan (U.S.$ 544) to the current 5,782 yuan (U.S.$ 840).
Targeted Measures in Poverty Alleviation
Those targeted by the poverty-alleviation initiatives are three main groups: the most underprivileged villages, the most impoverished groups, and the most needy women and children.
These targeted persons are encouraged to step out of poverty by taking advantage of relevant events initiated by the government. These include infrastructure construction, development of local advantageous industries, and public service capabilities.
Meanwhile, government and social efforts have been combined to increase financial investment in such events. For example, one of the initiatives is to foster residents' migration away from the least habitable places under support from local government.
Statistics show that over 400,000 officials from 150,000 government departments and organizations have built assistive connections with 670,000 impoverished households across the province since 2012.
Moreover, Gansu took the national lead in starting to record underprivileged women in related campaign documents in 2014 with 1.69 million impoverished women recorded so far.
Pregnant women in rural villages could benefit from a government-sponsored event providing prenatal screening. This initiative has also increased the type of screening health checks from 26 to 50 tests among newborn babies, which is an effective approach to detecting infants' birth defects.
In addition, over 90,000 officials across the province have participated in the event to help over 90,000 "left-behind" children whose parents have left them at home to seek jobs in other cities.
To help women gain wealth, the Gansu government has offered 10 million yuan (U.S.$ 1.45 million) to foster women's businesses annually in terms of handicrafts and e-commerce.
Aside from this, 702,600 women have benefited from cumulative grants of 31.47 billion yuan (U.S.$ 4.57 billion from government-subsidized small loans.
(Source: China Women's News/Translated and edited by Women of China)
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