1938-1945: Student at Chinese People's Anti-Japanese Military and Political College at Yan'an and then served as staff officer of Yan'an Rear Corps No. 5 Garrison, officer of Headquarters Education Section and researcher of Military Research Office.
1945-1950: Officer of Rehe Military Area Headquarters No. 1 Section, head of Northeast Railway Child Care School and deputy head of Zhongchang Railway Central Hospital.
1950-1971: Head of Publicity Group of Northeast Railway Political Department, deputy head of Publicity Group of the Ministry of Railway Political Department, vice department director and department director of Bureau of Communications of the National Planning Commission and deputy director general of Foreign Economic Liaison Commission No. 3 Bureau.
1971-1988: Vice Minister and Minister of International Liaison Department of the Central Committee of the CPC (ILD), Deputy Head of ILD Leading Party Group and Director of Party Group of ILD, Vice Premier of the State Council, Director of National Family Planning Commission, Director of Central Patriotic Public Health Campaign Committee, Minister and Party Group Director of the Ministry of Foreign Economic and Trade, State Councilor, member of Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs, President of the People's Bank of China (PBC), Honorary Chairperson of the Directorate of the PBC and member of Central Financial Work Leading Group.
1988-1993: President and Party Group Director of the Sixth National Committee of the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), and Honorary Chairperson of the Directorate of the PBC.
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