Officials in the city of Guangzhou, south China's Guangdong Province, recently published special guidance on the protection of children with special needs, aimed at strengthening the construction of the relevant security system.
It is the first time that the city released such a policy and its guidance will come into effect on January 1, 2019, say officials.
The guidance defines specific work processes and demands at different stages; details the responsibilities of relevant administrative and judicial departments; and, specifies that an inter-departmental coordination system should be set up.
According to the guidance, several organizations and their staff will be responsible for compulsory notifications. This means that they should call the police immediately if they find any children in difficulties with their respective scope of duties.
These organizations include schools, medical institutions, residents' committees, social workers service stations, rescue and protection centers for minors, child welfare institutions and rehabilitation institutions for physically-impaired children.
If relevant departments or staff fail to act on their responsibilities, they will be subject to prosecution. In addition, cases reported by other citizens or social organizations should also be taken seriously.
In any case where a child is cared for temporarily by local civil affairs bureau, a meeting should be held among the bureau, public security organizations, residents' committees, schools and the child's relatives to discuss whether the guardian is able to continuously fulfill his or her duty of guardianship.
If the guardian fails to meet the standards of guardianship, the People's court may disqualify him or her based on the application of a concerned party or unit.
A special needs child raised in child welfare institution is available for adoption by a new family a year after the court has revoked the former guardianship of that child. Meanwhile, children who have been abused or deserted by a former guardian for more than six months can be adopted at any time.
Officials from the municipal civil affairs bureau said children who are subject to maltreatment, desertion or accidental injuries due to lack of or improper family custody, and those whose personal safety is at risk or infringed upon due to guardian's illegal infringement should be paid closer attention.
Furthermore, when children are at risk, public security bureaus should send them to a safe place at once, according to the guidance.
(Source: gzdaily.dayoo.com/Translated and edited by Women of China)
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