A regional revised draft law focused on the protection of juveniles in south China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region recently received media attention for taking a tough approach on the topic.
Policy makers are collecting opinions from the public about the implementation procedure of China's law on the protection of minors in Guangxi.
According to figures, the population of the region is 55.8 million, with nearly a quarter younger than 18.
In recent years, changes have taken place and prompted the authority to add new contents to the draft. Improvements include strengthening the work responsibility and mechanisms of functional departments; clarifying guardians' obligations and tasks; outlining the protective duties and connecting channels of schools; and, giving special protection to vulnerable groups.
The draft has eight chapter featuring 59 articles. It says parents bear the major responsibility for the guardianship of their children in terms of care and education. The chapter also tackles concerns over school bullying.
To prevent and diminish accidental injuries, the draft specifies the responsibilities of guardians for juniors of different ages.
Children under eight are forbidden to stay alone. Those under four should use safety seats whilst riding in a car. Meanwhile, under-12s must not sit in the front passenger seat.
Moreover, under-12s should have an adult companion when they swim or ride on recreational facilities, rope bridges, and escalators or take part in activities with potential dangers.
In addition, the local government will make use of a mandatory reporting mechanism to support and help youngsters under 16 who live alone.
To curb campus bullying, the draft intends to establish a mechanism featuring preventive initiatives and punishment. For example, schools' emergency response plan will show clear responsibilities of teachers and staff members. Also, a hotline will be available for students to ask for help.
Schools should promptly detect, investigate and deal with any person's bullying behavior and report cases to the local public security bureau. The education department will strengthen its supervision and guidance on this aspect across school areas.
As a major source of rural labor export in south China, Guangxi is tagged as a key area to prevent AIDS. Targeted initiatives to prevent juveniles from the disease have been added in the revised draft.
Schools, families, and mass organizations such as China Communist Youth League and women's federations, and social groups will assist departments of health and civil affairs in helping AIDS-affected youngsters via privacy protection, medical and living assistance.
In terms of so-called "left-behind" children, whose migrant parents have left them to seek jobs in other cities, the parents should report their workplace, residential address, and contact information to schools and relevant residents' committees.
(Source: China Women's News/Translated and edited by Women of China)
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