|The Annual Report on Chinese Women's State of Life No. 7 (2013), published by Social Sciences Academic Press, was released on March 8, 2013 in Beijing. Women of China Magazine, Huakun Women Survey Center and Huakun Women Consumption Guidance Center were the co-authors of the report. [womenimages.cn]|
The Annual Report on Chinese Women's State of Life No. 7 (2013), published by Social Sciences Academic Press, was released on March 8, 2013 in Beijing. Women of China Magazine, Huakun Women Survey Center and Huakun Women Consumption Guidance Center were the co-authors of the report.
The report was based on a survey conducted in major Chinese cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou of south China's Guangdong Province, Ningbo of east China's Zhejiang Province, Chengdu of southwest China's Sichuan Province, Changsha of central China's Hunan Province, Harbin of northeast China's Heilongjiang Province, Lanzhou of northwest China's Gansu Province, Qingdao of east China's Shandong Province and Dalian of northeast China's Liaoning Province. This was the seventh report on Chinese women’s life. With firsthand survey materials, the report analyzed women’s quality of life and consumption in urban areas in 2012 and included surveys on small loans for women in rural areas. It also gave predictions on women’s life.
Quality of Life in General
According to the survey, urban women in 2012 enjoyed lives full of vigor and vitality, with their average quality of life scoring 68.9. A total of 68.2 percent of women said their life quality has improved over the past five years. Their biggest expectation of the government is to reform the income distribution system and raise salaries.
According to the report, women's quality of life in Shanghai ranked first among the 10 Chinese cities surveyed, scoring 72.7 points. It was followed by Changsha, Qingdao and Chengdu. The average monthly individual income of Shanghai women ranked first at 6,793 yuan (US$1,122), followed by Guangzhou at 6,411 yuan (US$1,059) and Beijing at 5,895 yuan (US$974). The average monthly family income in Shanghai ranked fourth at 16,000 yuan (US$2,643). Topping the list was Ningbo at 21,200 yuan ($US3,503), followed by Beijing at 20,300 yuan (US$3,355) and Guangzhou at 19,100 yuan (US$3,156).
The report also showed 33.4 percent and 32.4 percent of Shanghai women polled were satisfied with their individual and family incomes respectively, ranking first and second respectively among the 10 Chinese cities. The score of Shanghai women's work satisfaction in 2012 was 68.7, ranking third among the 10 cities.
However, Shanghai urban women held a lower overall evaluation of their living conditions, the municipal administration and happiness, with the scores of 60.6, 67.2 and 73.9 respectively, ranking sixth, fifth and eighth respectively.
Property and Income
According to the report, about 92.2 percent of Chinese urban women own property. Among these women, 69.3 percent own one apartment and 18.7 percent own two. The average apartment size is 125.5 square meters.
Compared to the previous year, 42.3 percent of women saw their incomes increase in 2012.
Urban women's average monthly income reached 5,000 yuan (US$805). By September 2012, the average monthly income of women polled was 4,717 yuan (US$760), among which Shanghai women topped the list with 6,793 yuan (US$1,094), followed by Guangzhou and Beijing, respectively with 6,411 yuan (US$1,032) and 5,895 yuan (US$949).
Urban women's average family monthly income reached 13,400 yuan (US$2,157). Among those polled, Ningbo women topped the list with 21,200 yuan (US$3,413), followed by Beijing and Guangzhou, respectively 20,300 yuan (US$3,268) and 19,100 yuan (US$3,075).
Urban women's contributions to family incomes reached 35.2 percent. Among those polled, Dalian women contributed 45 percent to their families’ incomes, which was the biggest number, followed by Harbin and Lanzhou, respectively 44.7 percent and 44.6 percent.
Among the women polled, 21.9 percent were satisfied with their own incomes and 25.5 percent were satisfied with their family’s income.
The expected individual monthly income among the women polled was 8,214 yuan (US$1,322) and the expected family monthly income was 24,200 yuan (US$3,896).
Chinese women have the lowest life satisfaction in the world, according to the results of a global survey called Women, Power & Money released by Fleishman Hillard, Hearst Corporation and Ipsos.
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