Women's Rights Protected and Gender Awareness Enhanced

  • October 26, 2011
  • Editor: Wang Yanqiu
  • Change Text Size: A  A  A

Results of the newly-released Third Survey on Chinese Women's Social Status were released on October 21. This survey has completed preliminary data collection, in the form of 105,573 valid questionnaires filled out by participants aged 18 and over, and 20,405 valid questionnaires filled out by children aged 10 to 17. The followings are the sixth to the ninth respects of the data report:

Sixth, marriage and family. This survey shows that 85.2% of women are moderately or very satisfied with their family status. The proportion of wives participating in decision-making in production and management is 72.6% and that in buying or building houses 74.4% - respective increases of 5.7 and 3.9 percentage points compared with 10 years ago. Meanwhile 74.7% play a role in family decision-making on investments or loans – an increase of 14.3 percentage points. Data indicates that 37.9% of women and 67.1% of men own real estate, including joint ownership.

72.7% of the married think that wives do more housework than husbands. Among those surveyed, families with children under the age of 3 basically take child-care responsibilities, and mothers as primary daytime caregivers account for 63.2%. The employment rate of mothers in the 25-34 age range that have children under the age of 6 is 72.0%, 10.9 percentage points lower than women of the same age without children.

Seventh, lifestyle. The survey results show that women work a total 574 minutes and men 537 minutes in the average work day, and that women have an average 240 minutes and men 297 minutes of rest on days off. The survey implies that women's lifestyles are becoming more diversified. Of women surveyed, 72.2% have traveled outside their residential counties and districts, and tourism has been the purpose of 35.2% of women's longest trips. The survey also shows that 55.2% of women do regular physical exercises, that 20.2% have participated in village or community cultural and sports activities, and that 29.1% use the Internet. Also that 12.6% of women have religious beliefs, 10.1% in the city and 15.4% in the countryside.

Eighth, awareness of legal rights and interests. Of women surveyed, 83.4% know that there is a special law protecting women's rights and interests in China -- an increase of 9.6 percentage points compared to a decade ago. A further 76.3% are in favor of daughters having rights of equal inheritance to parental property, like sons, when they have fulfilled their maintenance obligations. More than 70% of women have a clear understanding of gender discrimination as apparent in "not being hired or promoted because of gender;" "unequal pay for equal work;" "being fired for getting married/pregnant" and "being looked down upon because of female gender."

Survey results show that 10% of women have encountered sexual discrimination in the job market, and that 7.8% have encountered sexual harassment in the workplace or at school; also that 24.7% of married women have been subjected to their spouses' verbal and physical violence, restriction of their personal freedom, economic control, rape within marriage and other forms of domestic violence. Of those surveyed, 5.5% married women stated unequivocally that they have suffered violence at the hands of their spouses, 7.8% of them from rural areas and 3.1% from urban areas.

Ninth, attitudes toward gender. Of those surveyed, 83.5% agreed that "women's capabilities are no worse than men's"; 88.6% that "men should spontaneously shoulder house chores;" and 86.7% that "gender equality will not be achieved on its own but only through proactive promotion." A further 61.6% of men and 54.6% of women think that "men should be society-based, while women should be family-oriented" – respective increases of 7.7 and 4.4 percentage points compared with the year 2000.

Please understand that,a non-profit, information-communication website, cannot reach every writer before using articles and images. For copyright issues, please contact us by emailing: The articles published and opinions expressed on this website represent the opinions of writers and are not necessarily shared by

comment on this story

Messages that harass, abuse or threaten others; have obscene or otherwise objectionable content; have commercial or advertising content or links may be removed.

    most popular
    • Most Viewed
    • Editor's Pick
    • I have a question, not sure if you're capable of answering, but I don't really know where else to ask.... (Context: I'm an English teacher from the United States with Mandarin that can get by in conversations but nothing spectacular. I'm teaching ...Rebecca from China, Jiangsu
    • Good afternoon, I am sorry if this question has come to the wrong place. I am hoping that this contact email address is correct for my question. I am a Family Engagement Manager in the UK Home Office. I work with Chinese families in the UK whos ...Gavin Scott from UK Home Office (Immigration)
    • Hello, Can you refer me to a human rights organisation where I can get URGENT support ? I encounter women violence in Macau (psychological abuse). My safety is at risk. I am with a lung cancer patient with multiple medical problems and depends on wa ...LWLUI from Macau
    • 您好。我是香港浸会大学国际新闻专业的学生,也是一名外国自由记者的助手。目前我们在做妇女权益保障的相关议题,我想请问您国内目前有没有专门针对保障妇女劳动就业权益的机构、组织或团体?如果您能为我提供一份名单我将感激不尽。谢谢。 Dear Sir/Madam, I'm a postgraduate from Hong Kong Baptist University majoring in International Journalism as well as an assistant of ...刘韶馨; from 中国(香港)
    • Hello! I am researching NGOs and international organisations working with women in China. I was wondering whether you might be able to suggest individuals or organisations working in this area who may be willing to speak with me? Thanks in advance!Camille from England
    • Dear Sir/ Madam, Greetings from Niskrity Foundation Bangladesh. I feel privileged to your honor for active and sympathetic consideration. I would like to take this opportunity to inform you that ours is an organization working at the grassroots f ...AZIZ from Bangladesh
    • Olá! Passando só para dizer, que acho vocês chinesas as mulheres mais bonitas do Planeta.KT from Brasil
    • Greetings. I attended a women's studies conference in Beijing, perhaps 1995. Can you help me with the actual year?Gayle Kimball, Ph.D. from United States
    • I wish to inform women working as social workers, counselors and psychologist in China that the 23rd World Family Therapy Congress will be held 11 - 14 March 2015 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. We invite you to join colleagues from over 30 different coun ...William Hiebert from Asia
    • Commission on the Status of Women meeting for 2015-May I please get in touch with your group so that I can follow your organization's fantastic growth and development in this area? I am trying to empower North Asian women to understand gender equalit ...Betsy Kawamura from United States
      • 银川妇女
      • Our Chinese Dream
      • Spouses of Ambassadors to China
      • 台港澳婦女頻道