China's Four Female Vice Premiers Since 1949

March 22, 2013
Editor: Amanda

Editor's note: Liu Yandong was announced as the vice premier of China's State Council at the sixth plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC) in Beijing on March 16, 2013. Liu Yandong is the fourth female vice premier after Wu Guixian, Chen Muhua, and Wu Yi since the founding of the People's Republic of China on Oct. 1, 1949.

Liu Yandong: China's Fourth Female Vice Premier

Liu Yandong is member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee; vice premier; member of the Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council. [Xinhua]

Liu Yandong is member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee; vice premier; member of the Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council. [Xinhua]

 
Liu Yandong is currently a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee; vice premier; member of the Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council.

Born in November 1945, Liu is an ethnic Han from Nantong, Jiangsu Province. She entered the workforce in March 1970 and joined the Communist Party of China (CPC) in July 1964.

Liu Yandong (L) meets with South Korea's first female president Park Geun-hye in Seoul, South Korea on February 25, 2013.  [Xinhua]

Liu Yandong (L) meets with South Korea's first female president Park Geun-hye in Seoul, South Korea on February 25, 2013.  [Xinhua]

She studied political theory at the School of Administration at Jilin University, has an in-service postgraduate education and holds the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

Wu Yi: China's Third Female Vice Premier

Wu Yi serves as China's third female vice premier from March 2003 to March 2008. [forum.china.com.cn]

Wu Yi serves as China's third female vice premier from March 2003 to March 2008. [forum.china.com.cn]

Wu Yi served as China's third female vice premier from March 2003 to March 2008. Wu Yi earned the title of "Iron Lady" for her intelligence, insight and toughness. She was experienced and adept in international negotiations.

Wu was born in November 1938 in Wuhan, Hubei Province. She joined the Party in April 1962 and began her career in August 1962. 

Wu Yi meets with former U.S. President George W. Bush. [forum.china.com.cn]

Wu Yi meets with former U.S. President George W. Bush. [forum.china.com.cn]

She graduated from China University of Petroleum, majoring in petroleum refinery engineering, and is now a senior engineer.

Chen Muhua: China's Second Female Vice Premier

Chen Muhua serves as China's second female vice premier from March 1978 to May 1982. [forum.china.com.cn]

Chen Muhua serves as China's second female vice premier from March 1978 to May 1982. [forum.china.com.cn]

Chen Muhua served as China's second female vice premier from March 1978 to May 1982.

Chen was born on June 21, 1921 in Qingtian, Zhejiang Province. She joined the CPC in June 1938.

From 1971 to 1988, she served as vice minister of the Ministry of Foreign Economic Liaison, vice secretary of its leading Party group, its Minister, secretary of its leading Party group, and vice premier of the State Council.

Chen Muhua participates in a tree-planting activity when she held the post of honorary chairwoman of Beijing Forestation Foundation. [forum.china.com.cn]

Chen Muhua participates in a tree-planting activity when she held the post of honorary chairwoman of Beijing Forestation Foundation. [forum.china.com.cn]

Chen Muhua was in charge of Chinese economic work. As governor of the People's Bank of China, Chen helped establish the bank's central role and set new goals for financial reform.

Chen Muhua died in Beijing on May 12, 2011 at the age of 90.

Wu Guixian: China's first female vice premier

Wu Guixian served as China's first female vice premier from January 1975 to September 1977. [forum.china.com.cn]

Wu Guixian served as China's first female vice premier from January 1975 to September 1977. [forum.china.com.cn]


Wu Guixian served as China's first female vice premier from January 1975 to September 1977.

Wu was born in January 1938 in Henan Province. Wu Guixian was elected to the Central Committee of the Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 1969, member of the Central Committee of the 10th CPC National Congress in 1973, and an alternate member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee at the First Plenary Session of the 10th CPC National Congress.

Wu Guixian (R) meets with Zhang Yufeng, secretary of Mao Zedong. In this picture, Wu Guixian (R) meets with Zhang Yufeng, secretary of Mao Zedong (1893-1976). [forum.china.com.cn]

Wu Guixian (R) meets with Zhang Yufeng, secretary of Mao Zedong. In this picture, Wu Guixian (R) meets with Zhang Yufeng, secretary of Mao Zedong (1893-1976). [forum.china.com.cn]

She served as vice premier of the State Council in 1975. Wu Guixian was elected member of the Central Committee of the 11th CPC National Congress in August 1977.

She gave up the post one month later and returned to work in Shaanxi Province. She served as secretary of the Party committee of the Northwest First Textile Factory and chairwoman of its trade union in 1980 and was elected a Model Worker of the county's textile industry.

Wu Guixian, former Chinese vice premier, was presented the World Outstanding Chinese Award at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Center on July 15, 2006.

(Source: china.org.cn)

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