An explanation of the common terms, acronyms, organisations, campaigns and jargon related to the work of the All-China Women's Federation and the rights and interests of Chinese women.
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TermDefinition
Action to Eliminate Anemia among Infants and Children

Jointly launched by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), China's Ministry of Health and the China Children and Teenagers' Foundation (CCTF) in 2011, the Action to Eliminate Anemia amongst Infants and Children aims to alleviate and eliminate iron-deficiency anemia among infants and promote infant health by providing nutritional packages to infants between the ages of 6-to-36 months in poverty-stricken rural areas across the country. So far, it has benefited 530,000 infants in 73 impoverished counties in western China.

TermDefinition
China Women's Development Foundation (CWDF)

As a nation-wide non-profit social welfare organization registered at the Ministry of Civil Affairs and approved by the People's Bank of China, the China Women's Development Foundation (CWDF) has dedicated itself to improving women's overall quality of life, maintaining women's legal rights, and promoting the development of women and women's undertakings with various donations made by social organizations and individuals from China and foreign countries, since it was established in 1988. Recent years have seen consistent efforts made by the CWDF to help underprivileged women and children in terms of their education, employment training, poverty alleviation and disaster rescue. So far, it has successfully introduced multiple charitable programs, which include the "Water Cellar for Mothers", the "Health Express for Mothers", the "Small Loans for Women" and other similar projects, to help millions of poverty-hit women and children across the country.

China Children and Teenagers' Foundation (CCTF)

As the first independent and non-profit charity organization in China, the China Children and Teenagers' Foundation (CCTF) has aimed to resolve youth welfare issues with multiple charitable projects since it was established in 1981. The CCTF has operated under the governance of the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) and the supervision of China's Ministry of Civil Affairs. In order to reach out and build a better future for more underprivileged children in China, the CCTF has introduced the "Spring Bud Project", the "China Children and Teenagers' Safe and Healthy Growth Project", the "Action to Eliminate Anemia amongst Infants and Children" and several other similar charitable programs over recent decades. So far, thousands of poverty-stricken children have benefited from these charitable projects.

Care Campaign for 'Left-behind' Women

Launched by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) in April 2011, the "Care Campaign for Left-behind Women" is aimed at providing underprivileged 'left-behind' women in rural China with competent assistance and making improvements in their personal lives through multiple charitable projects. These projects include " Small Loans for Women", " Rural Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening Project", "Women's Rights Hotline 12338" and other charitable activities, from which involved 'left-behind' women have benefited greatly. 'Left-behind' women are women whose  husbands live away from their rural homes most of the year, seeking better-paying jobs in bigger cities.

TermDefinition
Double Learning and Double Emulation Program

Launched in 1989 by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) under the assistance of the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Education, the State Forestry Administration, the State Scientific and Technological Commission and the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development, the Double Learning and Double Emulation Program is dedicated to promoting cultural learning and the competence of rural women from all ethnic groups in China. Its contents have grown from "Learning Culture and Technical Skills, and Making a Comparison of Involved Women's Scores and Contributions" into "Learning Culture and Science and Technology, and Making a Comparison of Involved Women's Personal Development and Contributions". Millions of underprivileged Chinese women have benefited much from their participation in the project.

TermDefinition
Five-good Civilized Families

Since the 1950s, women's federations at all levels have been conducting the competition known as "Five-good Families." In 1996, the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), with the Publicity Department of the Central Committee of the CPC and 18 other ministries and committees launched the Program of "Five-good Civilized Families." The program has set some objectives, which include improving the qualities of family members, raising the living standards and promoting the civilization of urban and rural areas. It also actively advocated the new civilized ethos—respecting for the old and caring for the young, the equality between men and women, industrious and thrifty management and harmonious family life and neighborly unity.

TermDefinition
Health Express for Mothers

The Health Express for Mothers project, jointly launched by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) and the National Working Committee on Children and Women under China's State Council in July 2003, and organized by the China Women's Development Foundation (CWDF), aims to provide medical treatment for disadvantaged women and children in poverty-stricken areas through vehicles fitted out with medical equipment. The charitable project has won great assistance from the public and benefited many underprivileged women as well as their children in terms of holding free health checkups, distributing medical products and providing necessary medical treatment.

TermDefinition
'Left-behind' children

The term 'left-behind' children refers to a group of underprivileged children in rural China, who are growing up without one or both of their parents. Their parents have left them to live in far-away cities in search of better employment opportunities and salaries. As a result, these children are often placed under the care of relatives, mostly grandparents with little or no education, family friends, or having to take care of themselves. However, it's noted that such youngsters are expected to suffer developmental difficulties, including stark psychological and emotional challenges, becoming involved in criminal activities, and an increased risk of sexual abuse in their personal lives. Statistics from the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) in 2013 show that there were over 60 million left-behind children in China's rural areas.

'Left-behind' women

The term 'left-behind' women refers to a group of underprivileged women in rural China, whose husbands live away from their rural homes most of the year, seeking better-paying jobs in bigger cities. Therefore, they not only have loneliness to contend with, but also have to toil away by themselves to keep their homes running. Statistics from the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) in 2011 show that there were nearly 50 million left-behind women in China's rural areas.

TermDefinition
Migrant children

The term 'migrant children' refers to a group of underprivileged rural children, who have followed their migrant worker parents to live and study in cities after leaving their homes in countryside. There are about 28.8 million migrant children who live and study with their parents in cities according to 2013 data by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF). Yet nearly 10 percent of them have no school to go to in cities, as shown by relevant statistics from the 5th National Census. Recent years have seen great efforts and investments made by relevant governmental branches across China to help them receive education in cities, though there is a long way to go before they can enjoy equal educational resources with their urban peers.

Migrant worker

The term 'migrant worker' refers to a group of underprivileged people from rural China, who have left their hometowns in the countryside to live in far-away cities in search of better employment opportunities. A rising number of rural migrant workers have followed the trend to work in large cities and have struggled to settle down there over the past three decades. However, they have found it difficult to completely integrate themselves into urban society because of some existing policies, such as the household registration system which can legally prevent them from becoming permanent residents in the cities they have built.

March 8th Red-Banner Pacesetters

'March 8th Red-Banner Pacesetters' is a highly praised title which the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) or local women's federations award to women for their excellent work annually around International Women's Day on March 8.

TermDefinition
National Program for Child Development (2011-2020)

Formulated in accordance with China's Constitution, the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Minors, the purposes of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and relevant laws, the China National Program for Child Development (2011-2020) aims to improve the basic medical and health care system that covers rural and urban children, promote equality in fundamental public education services and ensure higher-quality education for all children, create a children-friendly social environment, and improve the legal system and protection mechanisms to protect the legal rights and interests of children. It was passed by the State Council, China's Cabinet, on July 30, 2011.

National Program on the Development of Chinese Women (2011-2020)

Formulated on the basis of the basic principles prescribed in China's Constitution, stipulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Rights and Interests of Women, the purposes of the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and other relevant laws, the National Program on the Development of Chinese Women (2011-2020) aims to carry out the fundamental national policy of gender equality, safeguard women's lawful rights and interests, improve the social environment for women's development, enhance their social status, encourage them to exercise their democratic rights on an equal footing and according to the law, and help women equally participate in economic and social development so as to equally benefit from the achievements of reform and development. It was passed by the State Council, China's Cabinet, on July 30, 2011.

National Women's Congress of China

The National Women's Congress of China, which is expected to be held every five years, is responsible for summarizing progress made by Chinese women of all ethnicities in boosting social and economic development over the previous five years, drawing a blueprint for their development over the next five years, holding deliberations among delegates before enacting amendments to the constitution of All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), and electing new members to the ACWF Executive Committee. China held the 11th National Women's Congress in Beijing in October 2014, in which a total of 1,510 delegates and 156 specially invited delegates attended the congress. Among the 1,510 delegates, 52 from Hong Kong and 22 from Macao were jointly invited as special delegates to the congress. Moreover, each of China's 55 ethnic minorities has had at least one delegate attending the congress, since the first congress was convened in April 1949 in Beijing.

TermDefinition
Project Promoting Women's Political Participation

The Project Promoting Women's Political Participation is aimed at improving Chinese women's awareness of political participation in their personal lives, promoting their leadership and social influence, and eventually raising the proportion of their representation in governmental branches of all levels, since it was initiated by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) under the assistance of UN Women in 2011. So far, the four-year project has been implemented smoothly in three pilot provinces: northeast China's Heilongjiang, north China's Shanxi and south China's Hunan.

Procuratorate

A Procuratorate is the agency responsible for both prosecution and investigation in the People's Republic of China. As the office of the procurators, it is influenced by similar institutions in both Japan and Socialist legal systems, and finds equivalence in most civil law systems, which often use an inquisitorial system.

Postal Parcels for Mothers

'Postal Parcels for Mothers' is a charity project jointly launched by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) and China Women's Development Fund (CWDF) in May 2012. Donors can purchase parcels containing 100 or 200 yuan (U.S. $15.89 or 31.78) worth of basic necessities, such as washing powder and towels, to help mothers in poverty-stricken areas through various channels including post offices, the CWDF website, Internet service portal Tencent's charity channel and the Alipay online payment platform.

TermDefinition
Rural Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening Project

Jointly launched by the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Finance and the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) in June 2009, the Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening Project for Rural Women Residents is aimed at enabling female patients to receive early diagnoses and providing them with easier access to medical treatment. The ultimate aim of the project is to reduce the mortality rate through a prevention mechanism and promote healthcare awareness among rural women. Millions of underprivileged Chinese women have benefited much from their participation in the project.

TermDefinition
Spring Bud Project

The China Children and Teenagers' Fund (CCTF) launched the Spring Bud Project in 1989 to help girl dropouts return to school. In 2005, the Spring Bud Project was granted China Charity Award by the Ministry of Civil Affairs.

Share the Blue Sky: Care for 'Left-Behind' Children

Launched by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) in April 2011, the "Share the Blue Sky: Care for Left-Behind Children" campaign has been dedicated to providing underprivileged 'left-behind' children in rural China with assistance and improving their personal lives through multiple charitable projects. These projects include "Spring Bud", "School Bus", "Free Lunch" and other similar charitable activities, from which involved 'left-behind' children have benefited greatly. 'Left-behind' children are those whose parents have left them to live in far-away cities in search of better employment opportunities and salaries.

Small Loans for Women

Jointly initiated in 2009 by the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the People's Bank of China and All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), the Small Loans for Women Project is aimed at providing underprivileged women in rural China with interest-free small loans in their start-up businesses and entrepreneurship. Millions of rural women have benefited much from the project over recent years and have made great contributions to the development of their families and local society.

Secretariat

The Secretariat of the All-China Women's Federation is the office responsible for the general daily work of the organization. Its head is the First Member of the Secretariat, who leads the group that makes up the members of the Secretariat.

TermDefinition
Women Making Achievements Campaign

In 1991 the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) launched the "Women Making Achievements" Campaign in urban China, which provides social services and promotes the development of women, by encouraging women workers, self-employed women and laid-off women from all walks of life to take part in studies and professional competitions. To date, more than 40 million women have participated in the campaign. Some 30 million women have received either certificate training or professional training. Some 4,700 work groups have been honored as "Model Groups of Women." Some 210,000 of them have been recognized as "Model of Women Making Achievements" above the county level.

Water Cellar for Mothers

'Water Cellar for Mothers' is a centralized charity water supply project co-launched by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) and the China Women's Development Foundation (CWDF) that has been active since 2001, and which focuses on helping people in China's western region, especially women, to get alleviate poverty caused by severe water shortages.